Born 31 Oct 1632 in Delft – Vermeer. Girl in the pearl earring, and all those other famous highly-detailed interior studies. But how did he paint them? Were they traced using a camera obscura? Does it matter?
Vermeer mainly painted indoors, but he also painted this: View of Delft.
For further reading on the cheat or genius question, this is a good start: https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/aug/10/vermeer-artistic-genius-cheat-painter